SmCo

A samarium- cobalt (SmCo) magnet, a type of rare earth magnet, is a strong permanent magnet made of an alloy of samarium and cobalt.They were developed in the early 1970s by Albert Gale and Dilip K. Das of Raytheon Corporation.

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Brief

A samarium- cobalt (SmCo) magnet, a type of rare earth magnet, is a strong permanent magnet made of an alloy of samarium and cobalt.They were developed in the early 1970s by Albert Gale and Dilip K. Das of Raytheon Corporation. They are generally ranked similarly in strength to neodymium magnets, but have higher temperature ratings and higher coercivity. They are brittle, and prone to cracking and chipping. Samarium- cobalt magnets have maximum energy products BHmax) that range from 16 megagauss-oersteds (MGOe) to 33 MGOe, that is approx.128 kJ/m3 to 264 kJ/m3; their theoretical limit is 34 MGOe, about 272 kJ/m3. They are available in two "series"namely Series 1:5 and Series2:17.

Sintered Samarium Cobalt magnets exhibit magnetic anisotropy, meaning they can only be magnetized in the axis of their magnetic orientation.This is done by aligning the crystal structure of the material during the manufacturing process.

SmCo assemblies can be fabricated by adhering magnets with adhesives to suit a range of environments, by mechanically fastening magnets,orby a combination of these methods. Due to the relatively brittle nature of these magnet materials, press fits are not recommended.

When multiple magnets are assembled in repelling positions, it is advisable to use mechanical fastening in addition to adhesives, since if adhesives were to give way, repelling magnets may dislodge and endanger personnel using them. Our design engineering team will be happy to assist you in designing housings for your magnet assemblies.

Charateristics

Series 1:5

These samarium- cobalt magnet alloys (generally written as Sm1Co5, or SmCo Series 1:5) have one atom of rare earth samarium per five atoms of

cobalt. By weight this magnet alloy will typically contain 36% samarium with the balance cobalt. The energy products of these samarium-cobalt alloys range from 16 MGOe to 25 MGOe, that is, approx.128- 200 kJ/m3. These samarium- cobalt magnets generally have a reversible temperature coefficient of -0.05%/C. Saturation magnetization can be achieved with a moderate magnetizing field. This series of magnet is easier to calibrate to a specific magnetic field than the SmCo2:17 series magnets.

In the presence of a moderately strong magnetic field, unmagnetized magnets of this series will try to align their orientation axis to the magnetic field, thus becoming slightly magnetized. This can be an issue if post-processing requires that the magnet be plated or coated. The slight field that the magnet picks up can attract debris during the plating or coating process, causing coating failure or a mechanically out-of-tolerance condition.


Series2:17

These alloys (written as Sm2Co17, or SmCo Series 2:17) are age-hardened with a composition of two atoms of rare-earth samarium per 13-17 atoms of transition metals (TM).The TM content is rich in cobalt, but contains other elements such as iron and copper. Other elements like zirconium, hafnium, and such may be added in small quantities to achieve better heat treatment response. By weight, the alloy will generally contain 25% of samarium. The maximum energy products of these alloys range from 20 to 32 MGOe, what is about 160-260 kJ/m3. These alloys have the best reversible temperature coefficient of all rare-earth alloys, typically being -0.03%/*C.The "second generation" materials can also be used at higher temperatures.


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Applications

SmCo magnets are liked by material engineers in high temperature applications, say magnetic bearing, magnetic couplings, sensors, high

performance stepper, DC, servo, linear and voice coil motors, high-end loudspeakers, headphones, microphones, magnetic separation, instrumentation, 5G, switches, relays, magnetic resonance, sputtering vacuum deposition, charged particle beam guidance, particle accelerators, Halbach arrays, microwave components, etc in automobiles, airplanes, military defense, etc.

Other uses incude:


Typic Magnetic Properties of SmCo
SmCo Demagnetization Curves
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